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Summertime Safety for Children

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By: Jeffery Kile, MD, MHA, FAAP
June 8, 2012

Get ready for a healthy, safe and fun summer!

June is a great time of year, just ask any child.  It marks the end of school and the beginning of summer, which means long days playing outdoors, swimming and gathering with friends and family.  June is also National Safety Month, so it’s the perfect time to think about how to keep all those youngsters safe and injury free.

With longer days and higher temperatures, summertime unfortunately brings an increase in injuries.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 2 million children under age 15 will visit an emergency room this summer, and more than 2,000 children will die as a result of accidents or injuries.

The good news is that most of these injuries can be prevented with common sense and vigilance by supervising adults.

For example, all children should be supervised while near water, including pools, spas, lakes and streams.  Accidental drowning claims the lives of approximately 750 children each year, according to the National Safety Council.  To avoid injury, gates should be placed around all pools and spas at your home.  Older children should be educated about water safety and taught to swim.

Other injuries occur as a result of children simply playing.  Most parents understand that running, climbing, and playing games are typical activities for children, but adults should enforce reasonable requirements.

Whenever a child is riding anything with wheels (bikes, skateboards, roller skates, etc.), be sure the child is wearing a helmet.  And children need to be taught where it’s safe to play.  Hopscotch on the sidewalk can be fun, but playing ball in the street can be very dangerous.  Set limits and make sure your children understand them.

Also, climbing on the backyard juggle gym is great fun for kids, but mom and dad need to make sure it’s sturdy and has no exposed metal that can cause injury.  It should also have a soft foundation of mulch, sand or matting underneath, and children should be taught not to climb in ways that are dangerous to themselves or others.

Keep these other tips in mind to ensure your children are safe and have fun this summer:

  • Keep children away from the grill and outdoor fireplace
  • Keep all poisons, including pesticides and lawn and pool chemicals, out of the reach of children
  • Avoid fireworks
  • Make sure children wear sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher, and re-apply sunscreen every 1-2 hours, even if it’s advertised as waterproof
  • Children who play in or near wooded areas should use insect repellant and be examined for ticks, bug bites and rashes after playing outside
  • Teach children to stay away from unfamiliar dogs and other animals, and to never approach a pet without its owner present
  • Trampolines are dangerous and should be avoided
  • All terrain vehicles (ATVs) should also be avoided, as they cause more than 25,000 injuries and 55 deaths among children each year, according a Consumer Products Safety Commission study
  • Learn CPR, basic first aid, and teach your children how to call 911 in case of an emergency

With some common sense and proper supervision, you can help make this summer lots of fun for children.

Because we understand the value of keeping families healthy and safe, Blue Cross of Northeastern Pennsylvania offers information on children’s wellness.  Visit to download free information on more ways to protect your children’s well being.

Jeffery Kile, MD, MHA, FAAP, is a Medical Director at Blue Cross of Northeastern Pennsylvania and a pediatrician with an office in Kingston.